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English definition of “before”

before

preposition     /bɪˈfɔːr/
EARLIER A1 earlier than something or someone: a week before Christmas She arrived before me. [+ doing sth] Think hard before accepting the offer.Before, after and alreadyAfter and behind
IN FRONT OF B1 in a position in front of someone or something: I've never performed this before an audience. He stood before her, shaking.Ahead, in front and beyond
PLACE A1 at a place that you arrive at first when travelling towards another place: The hospital is just before the bridge.Before, after and alreadyAfter and behind
IN ORDER B1 in front of someone or something in an order or a list: P comes before Q in the alphabet.Ahead, in front and beyond
IMPORTANCE treated as more important than someone or something: They always put the children's needs before their own.ImportanceUseful or advantageous
EXAMINATION being formally examined or considered by a group: the proposal before the committee He appeared before the court dressed in jeans.Law courts
(Definition of before preposition from the Cambridge Learner's Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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