Definition of “hard” - Learner’s Dictionary


adjective uk us /hɑːd/

A2 firm and stiff, and not easy to press or bend:

a hard surface
The seats in the waiting room were hard and uncomfortable.

A1 difficult to do or understand:

[ + to do sth ] It must be hard to study with all this noise.
Actually, the exam wasn't that hard.
Quitting my job was the hardest decision I ever had to make.

B1 using or done with a lot of effort:

the long, hard struggle
With a bit of hard work and determination we might still finish on time.

full of problems and difficult to deal with:

My grandparents had a very hard life.
The past few months must've been really hard for you.

not gentle or kind:

She had a cold, hard look in her eyes.
be hard on sb

B2 to criticize someone too much or treat them unfairly:

You shouldn't be so hard on yourself.

to make someone unhappy by causing them problems:

Our divorce has been particularly hard on the children.
be hard on sth

to damage something or make it have problems:

Stress can be hard on any relationship.
do/learn sth the hard way

to do or learn something by experiencing a lot of problems or difficulty

give sb a hard time informal

to criticize someone or to treat them unfairly:

He gave me a hard time about losing his keys.

(Definition of “hard adjective” from the Cambridge Learner's Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)