Cambridge Dictionaries online Cambridge Dictionaries online

The most popular online dictionary and thesaurus for learners of English

English definition of “preposition”

See all translations

preposition

noun [C] uk   /ˌprep.əˈzɪʃ.ən/ us  
B1 in grammar, a word that is used before a noun, a noun phrase , or a pronoun, connecting it to another word: In the sentences "We jumped in the lake", and "She drove slowly down the track", "in" and "down" are prepositions.
More examples
  • In the sentence 'The dog jumped over the wall', the word 'over' is a preposition.
  • Some prepositions consist of more than one word, such as 'out of'.
prepositional
adjective [before noun] uk   /-əl/ us  
a prepositional phrase
Translations of “preposition”
in Korean 전치사…
in Arabic 13. حَرْف جَرّ (نَحو)…
in French préposition…
in Turkish edat…
in Italian preposizione…
in Chinese (Traditional) 介系詞,前置詞…
in Russian предлог (в грамматике)…
in Polish przyimek…
in Spanish preposición…
in Portuguese preposição…
in German die Präposition…
in Catalan preposició…
in Japanese (文法)前置詞(on や at など)…
in Chinese (Simplified) 介词,前置词…
(Definition of preposition from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
What is the pronunciation of preposition?
Add Cambridge dictionaries to your browser to your website

Definitions of “preposition” in other dictionaries

Word of the Day

ellipsis

a situation in which words are left out of a sentence but the sentence can still be understood

Word of the Day

Euphemisms (Words used to Avoid Offending People)

by Kate Woodford,
March 04, 2015
​​​ We recently looked at the language that we use to describe lies and lying. One area of lying that we considered was ‘being slightly dishonest, or not speaking the complete truth’. One reason for not speaking the complete truth is to avoid saying something that might upset or offend people. Words and

Read More 

snapchat verb

March 02, 2015
to send someone a message using the photomessaging application Snapchat We used to have a thing until he got a girlfriend. now

Read More