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English definition of “cost”

cost

noun     /kɒst/
[C or U] money that has to be spent in order to buy , do, or make something: Some people are reluctant to seek the help of a financial adviser because of the cost.the cost of (doing) sth What's the cost of an international call ?cut/lower/reduce the cost If states shared the risk of catastrophic events , this would lower the cost for policyholders.increase/raise/push up the cost New standards will increase the cost of making and selling diesel vehicles .the cost increases/rises/goes up Raw material costs have risen faster than expected .the cost goes down/drops/falls The cost of farm subsidies is expected to fall thanks to large exports and healthy prices .an increase/rise in the cost of sth an increase in the cost of goods and services travel/childcare/healthcare costs All travel costs will be reimbursed by your employer .legal/medical/insurance costs Republican candidates offered tax credits to lower health insurance costs.high/rising/spiralling cost(s) Spiralling fuel costs have hit motorists hard.additional/average/extra cost The average cost of insuring a family car in 2011 was £360.estimated/projected cost Total projected cost is $2.5 billion .cover/pay/meet the cost A one-off disposal fee covers the cost of collection and recycling at a cost of $4 billion/£150,000, etc. plans to build ten new power stations at a cost of £2 billion eachthe cost to sb "What will the cost to taxpayers be?" is the question on everyone's lips . Strategic alliances can provide growth at a fraction of the cost of going it alone . Apartments in Brooklyn often sell at half the cost of apartments in Manhattan .
costs [plural] money that a company or organization has to spend regularly : Company legislation deals with key issues such as costs, advertising , and promotional spend .the costs of (doing) sth Small companies find it hard to bear the costs of promotion and distribution .cut/reduce/rein in costs There was a drive to cut costs by using fewer suppliers .high/rising/escalating costs Escalating costs have adversely affected profits . increase/rise in costs Technological advances have sparked most of the rise in costs, industry analysts claimed .reduction in costs A reduction in costs should help boost end-of-year figures . administrative / labour / production costs energy / fuel costsadditional/actual/extra costs The OFT said yesterday that credit card providers could only charge for the actual costs of processing late payments .incur costs Adequate compensation should be provided for any costs incurred .cover/recover/recoup costs Because private farmers can't recoup their costs, they are cutting production .costs rise/go up/increase Staff costs have risen by 20% in the past two years .costs come/go down Alternative energy sources will become more widely used as costs come down.
[U] ACCOUNTING the amount of money that is spent to produce goods or services , before any profit is added for the manufacturer or producer : Mass-market retailers often sell items such as bread and milk at cost to pull in customers . Supermarkets were accused of encouraging irresponsible drinking by selling beer and cider at below cost. → See also cost price
[C] ACCOUNTING an amount of money that a company has to pay and that appears in its accounts : The amount paid for the lease should be entered as a cost in the profit and loss account . The depreciation of the value of equipment is treated as a cost.
[S or U] something that is given, needed or lost in order to get a particular thing: cost to sb/sth We will help you run your business with less cost to the environment .at a cost to sth She continued in the job , but at a great cost to her health .cost in sth They felt that continuing with the project was not worth the cost in time and effort . considerable / enormous / great cost
(Definition of cost noun from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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