› [C] MONEY, FINANCE an amount of money: Share price slid by 1p to 142p fuelled by concerns that the company might offer too generous a sum for the proposed venture in India. The sale of Germany's biggest commercial TV operator **for an undisclosed sum** follows a bidding contest. Banks may not be prepared to open an account if **the sum involved** is too small.large/huge/enormous sums Restrictions have been imposed by the government on the movement of large sums of money out of the country.a small/modest/substantial sum A substantial sum has been set aside for litigation relating to the construction project.an additional/cash/final sum The final sum an investor receives from a pension is dependent on the rate of investment growth. **vast/huge/considerable sums**a sum of $8/£2,000/€1.2m, etc. Legislation approved yesterday will raise a much-needed sum of £300,000 for use on the roads.pay (out)/spend/invest a sum Deposits are non-recoverable cash sums paid just to reserve a property, with a further sum payable when contracts are exchanged.earn/receive/owe a sum Victims of an explosion at a chemical works are set to receive large sums in compensation.borrow/lend a sum First-time buyers are having to borrow huge sums to buy a home.

› [S] ( also sum total) the number or amount that is the result of adding together two or more numbers or amounts: sum of sth In 2006, the sum of all income for residents of Colorado rose by 6.5%.

› [C] UK a calculation that involves adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing numbers: You need to **do your sums** before deciding whether you would benefit more from a fixed-rate or a tracker mortgage. Amid the pressure to get their sums right, many funds have closed to new business.

› [S] ( also sum total) the whole of something after all the different features or parts of it are considered: the sum of sth We believe that the sum of our business principles maximizes our chances of success.

more/greater than the sum of its parts › more powerful, effective, etc. as a whole than you would think if you considered the different features or parts that it consists of: The claimed logic of this latest merger is that the whole will be more than the sum of the parts.

in sum › used at the end of a report or discussion before giving a short description of the main ideas or facts: We're looking, in sum, for a major player who believes in newspapers as a serious business.

a princely/tidy sum › a large amount of money: She sold her story to the tabloids for a princely sum. We have **made a tidy sum** on our investments.

the princely sum of sth › used in a humorous way to refer to an unexpectedly small amount of money: The book was first published in the UK in 1972 for the princely sum of 40p.

→ See also capital sum , lump sum in Arabic | مَبْلَغ, حِسْبة… |

in Korean | 액수, 합계… |

in Malaysian | hasil tambah, jumlah, kira-kira… |

in French | somme, somme (d’argent), problème d’arithmétique… |

in Turkish | toplam, tutar, yekûn… |

in Italian | somma, calcolo… |

in Chinese (Traditional) | 錢數, 金額… |

in Russian | сумма, арифметическая задача, пример… |

in Polish | kwota, suma, obliczenie… |

in Vietnamese | tổng số, tổng, số tiền… |

in Spanish | suma, suma (de dinero), problema de aritmética… |

in Portuguese | quantia, quantidade, soma… |

in Thai | จำนวนรวม, จำนวนเงิน, ปัญหาทางคณิตศาสตร์… |

in German | die Summe, das Rechnen… |

in Catalan | suma, operació aritmètica… |

in Japanese | 金額, 合計… |

in Indonesian | jumlah, banyaknya uang, penjumlahan… |

in Chinese (Simplified) | 钱数, 金额… |

(Definition of sum from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary
© Cambridge University Press)

What is the pronunciation of sum?
Add Cambridge dictionaries
to your browser
to your website

willing to give money, help, kindness, etc., especially more than is usual or expected

May 27, 2015

Recently on this blog, we looked at the words that we use to describe the way we move. This week we’re looking at words for describing our bodies when they are still, whether we are standing or sitting. Since most of us do far too much of this, let’s start with sitting.