break verb - Definition in the Cambridge English-Russian Dictionary - Cambridge Dictionaries Online

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Russian translation of “break”

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break

verb
 
 
/breɪk/ ( past tense broke, past participle broken)
SEPARATE [I, T] A2 to separate into two or more pieces, or to make something separate into two or more pieces
ломать(ся), разбивать(ся)
The vase fell on the floor and broke. They had to break a window to get in.Separating and dividingDestroying and demolishingDamaging and spoilingTearing and breaking into pieces
break your arm/leg, etc A2 to damage a bone in your arm/leg, etc
ломать руку/ногу и т. д.
Carolyn broke her leg in a skiing accident.Tearing and breaking into piecesProblems with bones, joints and teethDentistryThe teeth
NOT WORK [I, T] A2 If you break a machine, object, etc, or if it breaks, it stops working because it is damaged.
ломать(ся)
Who broke the video?Not functioning
break an agreement/promise/rule, etc B2 to not do what you should do according to an agreement/promise/rule, etc
нарушать соглашение/обещание/правило и т. д.
Police stopped him for breaking the speed limit.Making and breaking promises and commitments
break the law B2 to do something illegal
нарушать закон
Obeying and breaking the lawObedient and compliantDisobedientBad and wrong behaviour
break the news to sb to tell someone about something unpleasant that has happened
сообщать новость
Announcing, informing and stating
break the silence B2 to make a noise, speak, etc and end a period of silence
нарушать тишину
The silence was broken by a sudden knock at the door.Saying and utteringSaying again
break a habit/routine, etc to stop doing something that you usually do
отказываться от привычки
Habitual behaviourStop having or doing something
break a record B2 to do something faster, better, etc than anyone else
бить рекорд
He broke the world record for the 200m.Surpassing in quality or number
REST [I, T] B1 to stop the activity you are doing to have a short rest
делать перерыв
Let's break for five minutes and have a drink.Cancelling and interrupting
BECOME KNOWN [I, T] If news or a story breaks, or if someone breaks it, it becomes known by the public for the first time.
становиться известным
Media in generalAnnouncing, informing and stating
WEATHER [I] UK If the weather breaks, it changes suddenly, and usually becomes worse.
портиться (о погоде)
Stormy weatherWind and winds
VOICE [I] When a boy's voice breaks, it becomes deeper and sounds like a man's voice.
ломаться (о голосе)
Ways of speaking
WAVE [I] When a wave breaks, it reaches its highest point as it moves towards the land, and then becomes flat and white.
разбиваться
Waves
STORM [I] If a storm breaks, it starts suddenly.
разразиться (о буре)
Stormy weatherWind and winds
break free/loose to suddenly escape or become separate from something
сбегать, освобождаться
Running away and escapingSeparating and dividing
dawn/day breaks When dawn (= early morning)/day breaks, the sky becomes lighter because the sun is rising.
рассветать
→  See also break new ground , break sb's heart , break the ice , break the mould , break ranks Days and times of day
(Definition of break verb from the Cambridge English-Russian Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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