Translation of "break" - English-Russian dictionary

break

verb uk us /breɪk/ (past tense broke, past participle broken)
SEPARATE [ I, T ]

A2 to separate into two or more pieces, or to make something separate into two or more pieces

ломать(ся), разбивать(ся)
The vase fell on the floor and broke.
They had to break a window to get in.
break your arm/leg, etc

A2 to damage a bone in your arm/leg, etc

ломать руку/ногу и т. д.
Carolyn broke her leg in a skiing accident.
NOT WORK [ I, T ]

A2 If you break a machine, object, etc, or if it breaks, it stops working because it is damaged.

ломать(ся)
Who broke the video?
break an agreement/promise/rule, etc

B2 to not do what you should do according to an agreement/promise/rule, etc

нарушать соглашение/обещание/правило и т. д.
Police stopped him for breaking the speed limit.
break the law

B2 to do something illegal

нарушать закон
break the news to sb

to tell someone about something unpleasant that has happened

сообщать новость
break the silence

B2 to make a noise, speak, etc and end a period of silence

нарушать тишину
The silence was broken by a sudden knock at the door.
break a habit/routine, etc

to stop doing something that you usually do

отказываться от привычки
break a record

B2 to do something faster, better, etc than anyone else

бить рекорд
He broke the world record for the 200m.
REST [ I, T ]

B1 to stop the activity you are doing to have a short rest

делать перерыв
Let's break for five minutes and have a drink.
BECOME KNOWN [ I, T ]

If news or a story breaks, or if someone breaks it, it becomes known by the public for the first time.

становиться известным
WEATHER [ I ] UK

If the weather breaks, it changes suddenly, and usually becomes worse.

портиться (о погоде)
VOICE [ I ]

When a boy's voice breaks, it becomes deeper and sounds like a man's voice.

ломаться (о голосе)
WAVE [ I ]

When a wave breaks, it reaches its highest point as it moves towards the land, and then becomes flat and white.

разбиваться
STORM [ I ]

If a storm breaks, it starts suddenly.

разразиться (о буре)
break free/loose

to suddenly escape or become separate from something

сбегать, освобождаться
dawn/day breaks

When dawn (= early morning)/day breaks, the sky becomes lighter because the sun is rising.

рассветать → See also break new ground , break sb's heart , break the ice , break the mould , break ranks

(Translation of “break verb” from the Cambridge English–Russian Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)