Spanish translation of “back”
back noun /bӕk/
› in man, the part of the body from the neck to the bottom of the spine
She lay on her back. › in animals, the upper part of the body
She put the saddle on the horse’s back. › that part of anything opposite to or furthest from the front
the back of the house She sat at the back of the hall. › in soccer, hockey etc a player who plays behind the forwards.
backer noun › a person who supports someone or something, especially with money
She needs backers for a new business venture. backbite verb › to criticize a person when he is not present.
backbiting noun ›
Constant backbiting by her colleagues led to her resignation. backbone noun › the spine
the backbone of a fish. › the chief support
These players will continue to form the backbone of the team. backbreaking adjective › (of a task etc) very difficult or requiring very hard work
Digging the garden is a backbreaking job. backdate verb › to put an earlier date on (a cheque etc)
He should have paid his bill last month and so he has backdated the cheque. › to make payable from a date in the past
Our rise in pay was backdated to April. backfire verb › (of a plan etc) to have unexpected results, often opposite to the intended results
His scheme backfired (on him), and he lost money. › (of a motor-car etc) to make a loud bang because of unburnt gases in the exhaust system
The car backfired. background noun › the space behind the principal or most important figures or objects of a picture etc
He always paints ships against a background of stormy skies She had drawn some trees in the background of the picture. › happenings that go before, and help to explain, an event etc
He explained the background of the current situation. › a person’s origins, education etc
She was ashamed of her humble background. backhand noun › in tennis etc, a stroke or shot with the back of one’s hand turned towards the ball
a clever backhand His backhand is very strong. › writing with the letters sloping backwards
I can always recognize her backhand. backlog noun › a pile of uncompleted work etc which has collected
A backlog of orders had built up because of the strike. back number noun › an out-of-date copy or issue of a magazine etc
He collects back numbers of music magazines. backpack noun › (especially American) a bag that walkers, people who go on trips, or students carry on their backs.
backpacking: go backpacking › to go on trips or go camping carrying a backpack.
They went backpacking around Europe. backpacker noun ›
backside noun › the bottom or buttocks
He sits on his backside all day long doing nothing. backslash noun › the sign (\).
backstroke noun › in swimming, a stroke made when lying on one’s back in the water
Tina is good at backstroke. backup noun › additional people who provide help when it is needed
The police officer requested some backup when the shooting began. › a copy of a computer file that can be used in case the original is destroyed.
You should always make a backup of the file you are working on. › (also adjective ) a piece of equipment, a system etc that can be used when there is a problem with the original one
a backup plan We have a backup generator in case the power fails. backwash noun › a backward current eg that following a ship’s passage through the water
the backwash of the steamer. › the unintentional results of an action, situation etc
The backwash of the company’s financial troubles affected several other smaller businesses. backwater noun › a stretch of river not in the main stream.
› a place not affected by what is happening in the world outside
That village is a quiet backwater with few visitors. backyard noun › (especially American ) a garden at the back of a house etc
He grows vegetables in his backyard. back down › to give up one’s opinion, claim etc
She backed down in the face of strong opposition. back of › (American) behind
He parked back of the store. back on to › (of a building etc) to have its back next to (something)
My house backs on to the racecourse. back out › to move out backwards
He opened the garage door and backed (his car) out. › to withdraw from a promise etc
You promised to help – you mustn’t back out now! back up › to support or encourage
The new evidence backs up my arguments Would you be willing to back me up if I put the suggestion to the boss? › to make a copy of the information stored on the computer or disk.
have one’s back to the wall › to be in a very difficult or desperate situation
He certainly has his back to the wall as he has lost his job and cannot find another one. put someone’s back up › to anger someone
He put my back up with his boasting. take a back seat › to take an unimportant position
At these discussions, he always takes a back seat and listens to others talking.