Meaning of “building” in the English Dictionary

"building" in British English

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uk /ˈbɪl.dɪŋ/ us /ˈbɪl.dɪŋ/

A2 [ C ] a structure with walls and a roof, such as a house or factory:

The once-empty site was now covered with buildings.

A2 [ U ] the process or business of making structures such as houses or factories:

building costs
He started off in the building trade before opening his own restaurant.

More examples

  • The art department and the main college are in two separate buildings.
  • Thousands of buildings collapsed in the earthquake.
  • Modern office buildings have false floors, under which computer and phone wires can be laid.
  • The police entered the building by the side door.
  • We expect the building work to be completed ahead of schedule.

(Definition of “building” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"building" in American English

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buildingnoun [ C/U ]

us /ˈbɪl·dɪŋ/

a structure with walls and a roof, such as a house or factory, to give protection to people, animals, or things:

[ C ] an apartment/office building
[ C ] Many buildings were badly damaged or destroyed by the earthquake.

Building is also the activity or business of putting together structures with walls and a roof.

(Definition of “building” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"building" in Business English

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uk /ˈbɪldɪŋ/ us

[ C ] PROPERTY a structure with walls and a roof, for example, a house or a factory:

The museum is an impressive building.

[ U ] PROPERTY the activity of building houses, factories, etc.:

There's going to be a lot more building and a lot more development activity.
He had to project-manage the building of a new factory.
building materials
a building project
a building inspector

PRODUCTION the activity of building cars, planes, machinery, etc.:

They spent millions of dollars on the building of a prototype.
a car building plant

[ U ] the process of creating or developing something:

The building of team spirit is very important in this organization.
We offer courses in assertiveness and confidence building.

(Definition of “building” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)