Meaning of “component” in the English Dictionary

"component" in British English

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componentnoun [ C ]

uk /kəmˈpəʊ.nənt/ us /kəmˈpoʊ.nənt/

C1 a part that combines with other parts to form something bigger:

The factory supplies electrical components for cars.
The course has four main components: business law, finance, computing and management skills.
Fresh fruit and vegetables are an essential component of a healthy diet.
The control of inflation is a key component of the government's economic policy.

More examples

  • Decoding the paintings is not difficult once you know what the component parts symbolize.
  • The whole car can be modelled on a computer before a single component is made.
  • Good communication is an important component of any relationship.
  • Freudian theory is a key component of his therapy.
  • The machine has a lot of delicate components.

(Definition of “component” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"component" in American English

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componentnoun [ C ]

us /kəmˈpoʊ·nənt/

one of the parts of a system, process, or machine:

Fair pay for child-care providers is a vital component of welfare reform.

physics A component of a vector is one of the things that the vector represents, such as force or speed.

(Definition of “component” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"component" in Business English

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componentnoun [ C ]

uk /kəmˈpəʊnənt/ us

PRODUCTION a part that combines with other parts to make a machine or piece of equipment:

automobile/computer, etc. component The company is a leading manufacturer of automobile components.

a particular feature or part of something:

essential/key/major, etc. component The major components of the transport system include the road network, railway system, air transport services, and ports and shipping services.

(Definition of “component” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)