He's not fat!
I won't tell her.
I can't go.
Don't you like her?
It isn't hard (= it is easy).
I'm just not interested.
I told you not to do that.
"Come and play, Dad." "Not now, Jamie."
It was Yuko who said that, not Richard.
"Is he coming with us?" "I hope not."
"Are you done?" "I'm afraid not."
- Cheer up! It's not that bad!
- She's not one of my close circle of friends.
- Party unity is threatened when members will not compromise.
- The TV won't work if the aerial's not connected.
- It's not very dignified behaviour for a 54-year-old man.
Thesaurus: synonyms and related words
No or not?No and not are the two most common words we use to indicate negation. We use no before a noun phrase: …
NotNot is one of the most common words we use to indicate negation. It is often shortened to n’t and joined to an auxiliary verb or modal verb: …
Not in negative statements (She hasn’t …, I did not …)We form negative declarative clauses with not after be (she is not talking), after modal verbs (they must not go) and after auxiliary verbs do and have (we did not like it; they have not eaten). …
Not and n’t in questions (Did younot …? Wasn’t she …?)We use not or n’t to form negative questions: …
Don’t, Do not: orders and instructionsWe use don’t + the base form of the verb or do + not + the base form of the verb to make negative imperatives. We use these to give orders, instructions or commands. Do not is stronger and much more formal: …
Not: short repliesWe use not in negative short replies with mental process verbs (e.g. be afraid, guess, hope): …
Not: contrastWe often use not after but to express a contrast. We often leave out the verb phrase or part of it in the second clause: …
So and not with expect, hope, think, etc.We can use so after some verbs instead of repeating an object clause, especially in short answers. The verbs we do this with most are: appear, assume, be afraid (meaning ‘regret’), believe, expect, guess, hope, imagine, presume, reckon, seem, suppose, think: …